2. The park was created in 1890, and is one of the oldest nature preserves in the United States.
3. It was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984.
4. It is most famous for its ancient giant sequoias, waterfalls, deep valleys and grand meadows.
5. Yosemite National Park spans nearly 1,200 square miles on the western slope of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in central eastern California.
7. John Muir, writer and naturalist and founder of the Sierra Club, was so taken with Yosemite that he headed up an effort for its preservation and his efforts lead to the park’s establishment in 1890.
8. The park is also famed for its spectacular granite formations, its crystal-clear streams, as well as two major rivers - the Merced and Tuolumne - and much more.
10. One of the most recognizable features of the park is Half Dome, an 8,842-foot peak with a vertical cliff of plutonic granite.
11. The Giant Sequoia tree, can live up to 3,000 years and is considered to be the largest living thing on the planet.
12. 20% of California's 7,000 plant species are found within Yosemite which also include the California Black Oak, noted for its edible acorns, and the Ponderosa Pine. Flowers include the Mariposa Lily, the Shooting Star and the Dog Wood, which is a seasonal flower (April to July) that blooms on Dog Wood trees.
13. There are at least 90 species of mammals inthis park including bighorn sheep, golden eagles, peregrine falcons, black bears, mule deer, coyotes, mountain lions as well as smaller creatures, such as squirrels and marmots. Birdwatchers will find, in addition to several nesting pairs of falcons, Red-Tail Hawks, Great-Grey Owls, Ravens and Stellar’s Jays.
15. About 3.5 million people visit Yosemite each year.
- Elisa & Tanya